Gyan Dutt

Written by Nikhil E Iyer

By Nikhil Iyer

As Tagore has quoted, 'Music is the purest form of art... therefore true poets, they who are seers, seek to express the universe in terms of music... The singer has everything within him. The notes come out from his very life. They are not materials gathered from outside''. But the music composer purifies those notes, composes those notes and gives a structure to the notes. This art is very important in music. Lyricist is the soul of a song, music composer is the structure of the song and the singer is the performer and so are the instrumentalists who play the song. When all three come together and give their best, we get a soothing melody that stays in our heart for a very long time which according to Tagore,'Music fills the infinite between two souls'.

In 1930's, In India we were introduced to cinema with sound. Alam Ara was the first talkie movie. It became a huge rage all over India and people all over the country went to see the movie. Even in those days, songs were very important part of the movie. Many a times, if we see the songs spoke more than the dialogue. Songs were written according to the situation and that became an important reason for people going to the theaters to watch movies. To listen to the song again, we used to watch the movie. The actors themselves sang the songs too. Many different artists got an opportunity to express their talent on the big-screen and audience loved their performances and became thrilled to see their favorite stars on the big-screen. Music-Composers played a very important role. In those days with 3 or 4 instruments, songs were recorded in the shooting set itself. Actors had to sing and act simultaneously which was very difficult. In this era we got introduced to some of the finest composers like Rai Chand Boral, Pankaj Mullick, Saraswati Devi, Khemchand Prakash, Vasant Desai and Anil Biswas. They all changed the trend of hindi film music. Another remarkable composer of this era was Gyan Dutt.

Gyan Dutt was born in Bangalore. He started his career with 'Ranjit Movietone', with whom he went on to do around 25 films between 1937 and 1943. Gyan Dutt worked closely with Timir Baran. At Ranjit, Gyan Dutt met Bulo.C.Rani too. Bulo.C.Rani himself sang few songs for Gyan Dutt. At Ranjit movietone, Gyan Dutt became one of the pillars along with Bulo.C.Rani and Khemchand Prakash

His first movie was 'Toofani Toli'(1937). Kantilal, Kalyani, E. Billimoria, Waheedanbai and Miss Anees Khatoon sang all the songs. 'Man Ki Baat Hai' and 'Rani Aao Sunaon Man Nagari Ki' are lovely songs, especially 'Man Ki Baat Hai' is a very soothing song composed by Gyan Dutt'.

At Ranjit Movietone, his next movie was 'Ban Ki Chidiya'(1938) in which again Kantilal and Waheedanbai sang some songs. Thereafter he composed songs for many movies with 'Ranjit Movietone' like 'Gorakh Aaya' (which had songs like 'Woh Din Gaye Hamare' and 'Tum Ho Raja Mere') both rendered by Rajkumari, 'Billi'-The Cat' (1938) which had notable songs like 'Hai Billi Ek Hamari', 'Pa Li Maine Pa Li Ghadi', 'Aaj Mili Ban Mein'. All these songs were rendered by Kantilal, Ishwarlal, Sunita Devi and Ila Devi. P. L. Santoshi penned all these songs and he formed a rather wonderful team with Gyan Dutt. The 2 songs rendered by Waheedanbai in 'The Secretary' were quite popular in those days..Both the solos 'Kyon Toone Ki Nadani' and 'Nahi Nahi Kholun Ghoongat Pat' are so fabulously composed by Gyan Dutt that I can go on listening to them in a loop.

In Aduri Kahani(1939) Durga Khote has rendered the song, 'Maiya Soona Mandir Tera' in a divine voice and a very soothing composition by Gyan Dutt. 'Nadi Kinare'(1939) established Gyan Dutt as a composer. 'Aaram Kahan Dil Ko Pada' rendered by Kantilal is even today played in Radio Ceylon quite often. My most favorite song from this movie is 'Mere Man Ki Beena Baja' rendered by Kantilal and Sitara Devi. The way Gyan Dutt has composed is simply out of the world. 'Sant Tulsidas' (1939) was another movie where Gyan Dutt's compositions were extraordinary, especially the 2 songs, 'Mere Nayan Ram Ras Chaya' (Vasanti) and 'Ban Chale Ram Raghurai' (Vishupant Pagnis) are my eternal favorites. In Thokar(1939), Charlie sang 2 beautiful songs in his inimitable style, 'Jab Se Mali Tere Dar Ki' and 'Main Banu Nadi, Main Banu Kinara' (with Waheedanbai). P.L. Santoshi's association with Gyan Dutt moved on in next movie which was 'Achut'(1940) which had notable songs like 'Nahi Bolun Laakh Manaye' (Gauhar Jaan) and 'Ram Mila Hari Naam Mila' (Vasanti).

’Musafir’, that was also a 1940 release, was one of the most successful movies of Gyan Dutt. Here Gyan Dutt worked with the legend, D.N. Madhok, and the way he composed each and every song is, undoubtedly, noteworthy. Khursheed, Vasanti, Kantilal all the singers did a remarkable job. 3 songs that touched my heart are 'Ganga Ka Nirmal Pani' (Vasanti), 'Akeli Na Jaiyo Radhe' (Vasanti) and 'Rut Basant Ki Aayi Piya' (Khursheed, Vasanti).

In 1940's Gyan Dutt went on to become one of the most successful composers.

In the movie 'Beti'(1941), Khursheed sang some of the most fascinating numbers, 'Ghir Ghir Ghan Mein Ghor Ghata Chayi', 'Ye Dard-E-Mohabbat Hai', and my top favorite, 'Ye Thandi Hawaein Sandesh Sunayein' (with Vasanti). Gyan Dutt's tunes are simply out of the world. In 'Kanchan'(1941), Gyan Dutt formed a great team with Leela Chitnis in which she sang 7 songs for Gyan Dutt. In this movie, Naushad worked as the assistant of Gyan Dutt and he composed one song too, 'Bata Do Koi Kaun Gali Gaye Shyam'. All the songs were penned by D.N. Madhok. Another successful movie was 'Sasural'(1941), in which Motilal, Kantilal, Brijmala, Miss Gulab, Noorjahan (She is a comedy singer) and Rajkumari all got on opportunity to sing under Gyan Dutt's baton. Rajkumari's 'Ek Meethi Nazar Banke Aankhon Mein Sama Jao' was very popular and even today, it is often played on Radio Ceylon.

As soon as the year 1942 came, it was the turn of the movie which created a huge storm in India, 'Bhakt Surdas’.Directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi, each and every song from this movie was a huge success. K.L. Saigal sang some wonderful songs in this movie that we keep on cherishing for lifetime. This movie also proved to be a high point in Khursheed's career. Gyan Dutt's compositions were simply remarkable. Mohinder Saigal, who was K.L. Saigal's younger brother, also sang few lines in the song 'Nis Din Barsat Nain Hamare'. This was the only song he ever sang. Kundanlal Saigal's, 'Kadam Chale Aage Mann Peechhe Bhaage', 'Jis Jogi Ka Jog Liya' (with Khursheed), 'Rain Gayi Ab Hua Savera', 'Nain Heen Ko Raah Dikha Prabhu', 'Maiya Mori Main Nahin Maakhan', 'Manwa Krishna Naam Ratey Ja’, all went on to become massive hits and even today we can hear all these songs on Radio. Khursheed's 'Madhur Madhur Gaa Re Manva' and 'Panchhi Bawra Chand Se Preet Lagave' are also excellent songs and she has rendered them in her divine way. This movie had everything and when K.L. Saigal, Khursheed, Rajkumari, Gyan Dutt and D.N. Madhok came together, then it surely produced music that proved to be a once in a lifetime experience for us. 'Madhukar Shyam Hamare Chor’ is based on raag 'Bhairavi', 'Nain Heen Ko Raakh Dikha' is based on raag 'Darbari' while 'Panchi Bawra Chand Se Preet Lagave' is based on raag 'Kedar'.

In Aankh Michauli(1942), Nalini Jaywant sang 7 songs in all. Her duet with Rajkumari, 'Aankh Michuli Aao Sakhi Khelen’ was beautiful. Both of them gave their heart out for the song. Nalini Jaywant's solo, 'Dekho Ji Na Chedo' is very sweet. Each and every singer performed their best under Gyan Dutt. One of the finest example in this movie is Rajkumari's 'Maar Gayo Ek Teer' where she sounded brilliant and the way she sings, 'Haye Raam' with perfect voice modulation and diction, which no-one can sing in such a way.

In Armaan(1942), Shamim was dominant. She sang some beautiful songs in this movie, especially her solos 'Lao To Zara Dil Ko' and 'Dil Ki Duniya Jo Luta Di' are marvelous. 'Koyalia Mori Angana Mein Aaja Ri' (Nirmala Devi) from Savera and 'Mat Ched Dilon Ke Taar' (Shamim) from The Return of Toofan Mail really touch the heart.

In Andhera(1943), KC Dey sang 4 solos. 'Bande Apna Mol Chukana' was very popular on Radio Ceylon. Great lyrics by Pt. Indra and a divine rendition by KC Dey, especially his high notes are very nice. A serene composition by Gyan Dutt. In Adab Arz(1943), Nalini Jaywant was dominant. She sang many solos. Other singers were Bulo.C.Rani, Noorjahan, Amirbai, Karan Dewan and Leela Sawant. Mukesh played a cameo in this movie. Khursheed sang 5 solos in Nurse(1943), especially the song, 'Aankhon Ka Khel Khel Ke' is a huge favorite. Surendra came together with Gyan Dutt in the movie 'Paigham'(1943) and sang wonderful numbers. In this movie, Bulo.C.Rani too composed two songs. Ironically, Bulo.C.Rani sang 'Pardesi Kahan Se Aaye' which was composed by Gyan Dutt. Surendra's solo, 'Pujari Teri Pooja Mein Kitne Phool' is simply out of the world. An enriching composition by Gyan Dutt who became a household name in those days. The other singers in this movie are Leela Sawant and Sadhana Bose. Sadhana Bose sang some beautiful songs in Shankar Parvati(1943) too especially the song, 'Naina Panghat Bhae Hamare'. Amirbai too got some excellent songs in this movie.

Gyan Dutt's long-term association with Ranjit ended with Shankar Parvati(1943). During this association, Gyan Dutt worked outside Ranjit too in Sudama Productions’ Aapki Marzi(1939) and Pancholi Productions’ Aankh Michuli(1942).

Gyan Dutt composed for only two movies in 1944. Anban(1944) and Insaan(1944). Amirbai dominated in Anban while Parul Ghosh sang many excellent songs in Insaan. Gyan Dutt never compromised in quality and his compositions were always of high standard. What a team Amirbai formed with Gyan Dutt and they both were so dominant in the mid 40's. I rate 'Pardes Mein Jaanewale Sajan Yaad Teri Phir Aayi' from Chand-Tara(1945) as one of the finest solos ever rendered by Amirbai. I can listen to this song many number of times. A similar masterpiece is rendered by Parul Ghosh in Chamiya(1945),’Wahshat Mein Apne Haathon Ko Mushkil’, - beautiful composition by Gyan Dutt.

In Panna Dai(1945)- Khan Mastana, Begum Akhtar, Rajkumari, Meenakshi, Zohrabai, Amirbai and Durga Khote all sang. This was the first time Begum Akhtar sang for Gyan Dutt. There is a song in this movie, 'Fasl-E-Gul Aayi'. The first part of the song is sung by Zohrabai while the second part was rendered by Begum Akhtar. Amirbai's solos in Dulha(1946) like 'Nyay Yehi Hai Tumhara', 'Sab Kehne Ki Baatein Thi' and 'Jab Aanewale Aayenge' are out of the world. Same goes for the movie 'Kamla'(1946) too. The 3 solos of Amirbai in this movie 'Vaada Wafa Ka Karke Kisine Bhula Diya', 'Dar Pe Tere Ik Dukh Se Bhare Dil Ne Pukara' and 'Koyi Pranon Ke Taar Jhanka Gaya Re' are beautiful.

Now coming to my one of my favorite soundtracks of Gyan Dutt, i.e Geet Govind(1947). I first came across Gyan Dutt's name many years back through this movie through the song 'Chhod Sakhi Aaj Laaj Kaahe Jiya Dhadke' rendered by Mannada and Rajkumari. The duet is extremely soothing to hear. In this movie there are three lesser-known singers also. One is Gayatri who has sung the trio, 'Meethi Meethi Murali Shyam Bajaaye' with Mannada and another singer 'Sharda'. I think this is the only time Gayatri and Sharda have sung in hindi movies. There is another singer Aabha who has sung the trio, 'Chamakat Damakat Damini' with Geeta Roy and GM Durrani. Through this movie, Geeta Roy too first came together with Gyan Dutt. Later, she sang some beautiful songs for him in many movies. The sweetness in her voice enriched the compositions of Gyan Dutt. Amirbai and Geeta Roy gave their best for Gyan Dutt. They both were two sides of the same coin. Rekha Rani and GM Durrani too sang a few songs in this movie.

In Majdhaar(1947) there were 3 composers - Anil Biswas, Gyan Dutt and Ghulam Haider. Gyan Dutt composed 3 songs of which, 'Kya Hai Naari Ki Shaan'(Surendra) and 'Prem Nagar Ki Oar Chale Hain'(Surendra, Khursheed) are beautiful.

Gyan Dutt composed songs for as many as 6 movies in the year 1948.
Chanda Ki Chandni(1948) had 7 songs by Geeta Roy. Each and every song had its own flavour. The songs 'Chanda Ki Chandni Hai' (with Sulochana Kadam), Jab Kali Kali Raatein Hongi, Ulfat Ke Dard Ka Kabhi Maza Lo, Humko Bhula Diya To Kya', all are top favorite songs and Gyan Dutt's compositions straight away touch the inner core of the heart. Dukhiyari(1948) becomes a very special soundtrack because in this soundtrack there is a song by Lata Mangeshkar which is the first song she sang for Gyan Dutt and surprisingly this is the only song she ever sang under Gyan Dutt's baton. The song is 'Ab Kisko Sunaaon Main Katha Krishna Murari'. A very sweet bhajan composed by Gyan Dutt in which Lata sounds a bit like Noorjahan. Another song is 'Ab Kisko Sunane Chali Tu Gham Ka Fasana' which is beautifully rendered by GM Durrani. Again, a top-class composition by Gyan Dutt. Meena Kapoor too joined Gyan Dutt in this movie and sang a sweet melodious song, 'Bole Baghon Mein Koyalia Bole'. After hearing this song we feel as if the birds too are speaking with us. That is the effect of Meena Kapoor's rendition, Gyan Dutt's composition and lyrics by Farooq Kaiser. Geeta Roy sounded very sweet and she was at her very best whenever she sang for Gyan Dutt. The best example is 'Maine Pehchaan Liya Jaan Liya' from Hua Savera(1948) in which her humming is absolutely beautiful and she shows great voice modulation too. In the antras, she sings a line 'Chupke Se Jaan Gaye' first time in a high tone and then repeats the same line in a lower tone. That was a very special effect created by Gyan Dutt. Another top favorite is 'Bole Bole Angana' by Geeta Roy in which chorus singers too play a huge role.

Now, another wonderful soundtrack is 'Lal Dupatta'(1948) in which Shamshad Begum sang some of the finest songs. The speciality of this soundtrack is that for the first time Mohd Rafi sang for Gyan Dutt. Then there are ‘Arre O Albeli Naar' with Shamshad Begum and 'Chalo Jamuna Ke Paar' with Shamshad Begum and Surinder Kaur. Gyan Dutt used a big heavy orchestration in this last song. Geeta Dutt's 'Meethi Baatein Sunake' and 'Bhala Ho Tera O Rula Denewale' too are very beautiful compositions. Shamshad Begum's 'Ab Ghar Aaja Aaja Re' from Nao(1948) is very often played in Radio Ceylon. In this soundtrack like few other soundtracks of Gyan Dutt, most of the songs were rendered by female singers - Shamshad Begum, Surinder Kaur and then there is one duet of Shamshad Begum 'Chori Chori Mori Atariya' with Ram Kamlani.

Sunhere Din(1949) can easily be rated as one of the all-time classic of not only Gyan Dutt, but in Hindi Cinema as well. For the first time, Gyan Dutt brought Mukesh and Raj Kapoor was the lead actor in this movie. All the songs were beautifully composed by Gyan Dutt. He brought a change in his orchestration. His compositions were more lilting and oscillating. In this movie Raj Kapoor works as a singer, and in most of the songs the picturization has been created in a unique way in which we can see a radio too. Mukesh gave his very best in this movie along with Shamshad Begum. Beautiful rhythm created by Gyan Dutt especially in the classic duet of Mukesh and Shamshad Begum, 'Maine Dekhi Jag Ki Reet'. Another song which is a classic is the song, 'Baharon Ne Jise Cheda' by Mukesh. He has sung the song in a soft voice and his voice modulation is out of the world. Excellent use of bansuri by Gyan Dutt in this song. 'Hum Mast Dilon Ko Lekar Masti Mein Chali Motor' by Shamshad Begum, Khan Mastana, Kalyani and GM Durrani too is a beautiful song. Surinder Kaur too sang 3 songs in this movie. Her solo 'Tum Sang Ankiyan Laga Ke' based on raag Brindavani Sarang was quite popular on Radio Ceylon. Geeta Dutt and Sulochana Kadam too sang one song in this movie and also the trio, 'Umangaon Ke Din Beete Jaayen' along with Shamshad Begum. My most favorite song in this movie is the soulful number by Shamshad, 'Thandi Thandi Hawa Jo Aaye'. Shamshad Begum has literally taken the song to another level with the pathos in her voice. It is indeed an epic divine creation by Gyan Dutt. The romantic number 'Do Do Naino Mein Kho Gaya' by Mukesh and Surinder Kaur is a wonderful song too. Each and every song in Sunhere Din is very unique in terms of orchestration, composition, lyrics, singing as well as picturization.

After the success of Sunhere Din, Gyan Dutt's next release was 'Dilruba'(1950). It was Gyan Dutt's first venture with Dev Anand. In this movie, Gyan Dutt changed his style of orchestration into a heavy orchestration making use of many instruments. Geeta Dutt sang many wonderful songs in this movie like 'Dekho Dekho Ji Mora Bhola Sa Jiya', 'More Naino Me More Man Me', 'Tum Dil Mein Chale Aate Ho', 'Dhak Dhak Karti Chali Jeevan Ki Rail', 'Humne Khayi Hai Mohabbat Mein Jawani Ki Kasam'(with GM Durrani), etc. Pramodini Desai too sang 2 songs in this movie, 'Hato Hato Ji Aati Hai Jadugarni'(with Shamshad Begum) and 'Dil Me Kisi Ka Pyar Basa Le '(with Geeta Dutt) this movie proved to be a great success on the box-office and most of the songs were played quite often on Radio.

Gyan Dutt's next release was Ghayal(1951). This movie had as many as 7 lyricists/poets. GM Durrani sang Ghalib's poem, 'Hazaron Khawishein Aisi Hai'. Apart from this, there were 6 poets Manohar Khanna, S.K. Deepak, P.L. Santoshi, Sheikh Adam, M.G. Adeeb and Pt.Indra. Geeta Dutt sang the song, 'Armaan Mere Dil Ke' very beautifully in her unique voice with great voice modulation. Binapani Mukherjee sang the song, 'Hamein Chand Lage Pyaara Pyaara' wonderfully which was penned by P.L. Santoshi.

In 1956, Tamil movie 'Gul-e-bakawali' was dubbed in Hindi. Because of lack of funds and shortage of movies, Gyan Dutt composed music for this dubbed movie, where the tunes composed by Vishwanathan Ramamurthy in Tamil were reproduced in Hindi. This movie had the popular duet of Talat Mahmood and Jikki, 'Mera Kahan Hai Man' based on raag, 'Bageshwari'. Mohd Rafi sang a peppy duet with Shamshad Begum, 'Bhai Re Maine Is Aalam Mein'. Tamil singers like P. Susheela sang the duet, 'Bade Tum Veer Sahi Baat Badi'(with GM Durrani) and Jamuna sang the song, 'Aaj Tu In Nainan'. Also, in this movie Asha Bhosle sang for the first time for Gyan Dutt in the song, 'La La Hua Kya Hai Bataa Tu'.

Gyan Dutt's last released movie was 'Janam Janam Ke Saathi' which released in 1965. In this movie, Suman Kalyanpur sang for the first time under Gyan Dutt's baton. She sang the duet, 'De De De Mera Dil' with Mukesh. Hemant Kumar sang 2 songs, 'Shamshan Jala Insaan Jala' and 'Yehi Hai Shaan-E-Zindagi'(with Indrayani Roy). All the songs were penned by D.N. Madhok. This movie did not succeed in the box-office and after this movie, Gyan Dutt stepped away from hindi films.

Apart from all these movies, Gyan Dutt also composed music for obscure movies like Dariyayi Lutera and Bhola Shikar but unfortunately none of the songs from these movies were released on records and never came to light.

Gyan Dutt himself sang few songs too. One song is 'Jai Madhav Mukund Murari Banavari' from Raj Nartaki which he sang for Timir Baran since he had worked closely with Timir Baran. The other songs he sang under his own composition. 'Tu Kaisa Hai Bhagwan' from Dheeraj(1942) and 'Barbaad Kar Daala Mujhe' from Diwani(1947) with Sunanda Kamat. Also, 'Prem Lata Lipti Jaaye' with Sitara Devi in Aapki Marzi(1939) and 'Sajan Nikle Chor' with Indubala and Rajkumari in Nadi Kinare(1939). Last but not least, there are also three duets that he sung in Achhut (1940). Apart from singing, Gyan Dutt also composed non-filmy songs. He composed 'Vande Matharam' and 'Raghupati Raghav Raja Raam' which were rendered by Geeta Dutt, GM Durrani and Pramodini Patkar. He also recorded few non-filmy songs in Sanskrit in the voice of Omkarnath Thakur.

Gyan Dutt's music always had an appeal for the masses. He was a versatile composer and composed all kinds of melodies. He gave opportunity to many new singers and worked with almost each and every singer of those days. He was very popular in the 1940's, but after early 50's, people forgot such a versatile composer.

In his career Gyan Dutt worked with nearly 100 singers and 40 lyricists. Among the singers, while he worked with every active singer of the time, Amirbai and Kursheed remained his favorite in his early years and later Geeta Dutt became his favorite. Among the male singers, GM Durrani remained his favorite. In lyricists, he had a long-term association with D.N. Madhok

Gyan Dutt lived at Shivaji Park at Dadar in Mumbai. He had no children, but he adopted one son.

As we say, 'India is a country known for its unity in diversity’. The country has twenty eight states and each one has its own mother tongue, religion, culture and tradition but the music is the one thing which makes all the country together. However, there are many types of music in the country. Music is the soul of the nature; it may be present everywhere in the crackling of trees, in the sound of birds, in the flow of river etc'. All these natural sounds - the crackling of tress, the flow of river and the sound of birds can be heard in Gyan Dutt's music. He united us together through his compositions which we can go on hearing forever.

On 3rd December 1974, Gyan Dutt Saheb bid adieu to this mortal world, leaving behind a treasure of immortal melodies which enrich our hearts and which we cherish forever.


1. Toofani Toli (1937)
2. Ban Ki Chidiya aka The Nightingale (1938)
3. Bazigar (1938)
4. Billi (1938)
5. Gorakh Aya (1938)
6. Prithvi Putra (1938)
7. Professor Waman M. Sc. (1938)
8. Richshawala aka Bhola Raja(1938)
9. Secretary (1938)
10. Aapki Marzi (1939)
11. Adhuri Kahani (1939)
12. Nadi Kinare aka On The River(1939)
13. Sant Tulsidas (1939)
14. Thokar aka The Kick (1939)
15. Achut (1940)
16. Chingari (1940)
17. Musafir (1940)
18. Sajni (1940)
19. Beti (1941)
20. Dhandora (1941)
21. Kanchan (1941)
22. Sasural (1941)
23. Aankh Michauli (1942)
24. Arman (1942)
25. Bhakta Surdas (1942)
26. Dheeraj (1942)
27. Return Of Toofan Mail (1942)
28. Savera (1942)
29. Adab Arz (1943)
30. Andhera (1943)
31. Bansari (1943)
32. Nurse aka Chhoti Maa (1943)
33. Paigham (1943)
34. Shankar Parvati (1943)
35. Anban (1944)
36. Insan (1944)
37. Chand Tara (1945)
38. Chamiya (1945)
39. Ghazal (1945)
40. Panna Dai (1945)
41. Dulha (1946)
42. Kamla (1946)
43. Diwani (1947)
44. Geet Govind (1947)
45. Majhdhar aka Lost in Mid-stream(1947)
46. Samrat Ashok (1947)
47. Chanda Ki Chandni (1948)
48. Dukhiyari (1948)
49. Huwa Savera (1948)
50. Jharna (1948)
51. Lal Dupatta (1948)
52. Nao (1948)
53. Sunehre Din (1949)
54. Dilruba (1950)
55. Ghayal (1951)
56. Dariyayi Lutera (1952)
57. Gul-E-Bakawali (1956)
58. Bhola Shikar(1958)
59. Janam Janam Ke Saathi (1965)

Singers who worked with Gyan Dutt--

1. Aabha
2. Allah Rakha
3. Amirbai
4. Amritlal Nagar
5. Arun Kumar
6. Asha Bhosle
7. Begum Akhtar
8. B.Hussain
9. Bhola
10. Binapani Mukherjee
11. Brijmala
12. Bulo C Rani
13. Charlie
14. Durga Khote
15. Durgesh Kumari
16. E.Billimoria
17. Feroz Dastoor
18. Gauhar Jaan
19. Gayatri
20. Geeta Dutt
21. G M Durrani
22. Hamida Banu
23. Hemant Kumar
24. Husn Bano
25. Ila Devi
26. Indrayani Roy
27. Indubala
28. Iqbal
29. Ishwarlal
30. Jikki
31. Jamuna
32. Kalyani
33. Kalyani Das
34. Kanchmala
35. Kantilal
36. Karan Dewan
37. K C Dey
38. Kesari
39. Khursheed
40. Khan Mastana
41. K L Saigal
42. Leela Chitnis
43. Leela Sawant
44. Lata Mangeshkar
45. Manna Dey
46. Mehdi Raza
47. Meenakshi
48. Meena Kapoor
49. Miss Anees Khatoon
50. Miss Ghulab
51. Miss Shahjahan
52. Miss Meera
53. Miss Madhuri
54. Mohd. Rafi
55. Mohinder Saigal
56. Motilal
57. Mukesh
58. Nalini Jaywant
59. Nirmala Devi
60. Noorjahan(not Madam Noor Jehan)
61. Parul Ghosh
62. Patgaonkar
63. Pramodini Desai
64. P.Susheela
65. Rajkumari
66. Ram Marathe
67. Ram Kamlani
68. Rekha Rani
69. Rewa Shankar
70. Rose
71. R Wasti
72. Sadhana Bose
73. Satish
74. Shamim
75. Sharda
76. Shankar Dasgupta
77. Shamshad Begum
78. Sheetal Ghosh
79. Shyam Kumar
80. Sitara Devi
81. Snehprabha Pradhan
82. Sunita Devi
83. Suhas
84. Sumati Trilokekar
85. Sunanda Kamat
86. Surendra
87. Sulochana Kadam
88. Suman Kalyanpur
89. Surinder Kaur
90. Waheedanbai
91. Vasanti
92. Vishupant Pagnis
93. Talat Mahmood
94. Zohrabai

Lyricists who worked with Gyan Dutt-

1. Abid Gulrez
2. Arzoo Lakhnavi
3. B.R Sharma
4. Baalam Pardesi
5. Bhagwati Prasad Bajpai
6. Deewan Sharar
7. DN Madhok
8. Farooq Qaiser
9. Hasan Lateef
10. Indeevar
11. JS Kashyap
12. Kailash Matwala
13. Khawar Zaman
14. Kidar Sharma
15. M.G. Adeeb
16. Manohar Khanna
17. Neelkanth Tiwari
18. P L Santoshi
19. Pt Indra
20. Pt. Madhur
21. Qabil Amritsari
22. Rajinder Krishan
23. Rammurti Chaturvedi
24. Roopbani
25. Safdar Aah Sitapuri
26. Satyakam Sharma
27. S H Bihari
28. Shams Azimabadi
29. Shams Lakhnavi,
30. Shant Arora
31. Shatir Ghaznavi
32. Sheikh Adam
33. Shekhar
34. Shevan Rizvi
35. S K Deepak
36. Swami Ramanand Saraswati
37. Zia Sarhadi


1) My heartfelt thanks to Kalyan Kolachala who encouraged me to write about Gyan Dutt.
2) S.Jayaraman who gave me important information about Gyan Dutt's life and music.
3) SKS admins and especially Aditya Pant for their support
4) Dhunon Ki Yatra by Pankaj Rag
6) Hindi Film Geet Kosh
7) Prof. Surjit Singh's website

Note: This article was first written as part of the Guzra Hua Zamana series on Sangeet Ke Sitaare Facebook Group.


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